Indigo Assessment Validity, Reliability, and Research

The Indigo Assessment is scientifically validated with decades of research behind it at Target Training International. The following articles discuss the concepts and peer reviewed research on the science behind our Indigo Assessment.



Why We’re Different

Assessment validity, reliability, measurement variables, competitor landscape, customers and partners.


TTI Technical Report

Our technology partner, Target Training International, created this technical report describing in depth the science behind the Indigo Assessment.

Peer Reviewed Research based on TTI's Technology behind Indigo


 Freshman Engineering Student Personal Attribute Workshop Findings: A Retention Issue 

This report compares the behaviors and values of 478 Fall 2007 UNL Freshmen Engineering students against first semester GPA. The data suggests that High Influencing and Low Compliance scores are indicators of lower GPA.


Application of business-oriented assessment to improve coach and player interactions: A case study

This paper discusses the application of Indigo Assessment components to coaching and player success in a team environment.


Lowering the walls and crossing boundaries: applications of experiential learning to teaching collaboration

One of the biggest challenges in higher education is preparing today’s students for future workforce demands. UNL Environmental Studies program partnered with Target Training International Ltd. (TTI) to create a course for students to gain insight into the effect of self-awareness on team building (n = 47 students). 


Determining Personal Talents and Behavioral Styles of Applicants to Surgical Training: A New Look at an Old Problem, Part I

This article discusses matching residents to surgical programs using TTI's assessment tools.


 Determining Personal Talents and Behavioral Styles of Applicants to Surgical Training: A New Look at an Old Problem, Part II

Using TTI instrumentation, a mathematical model of axiological science was employed to surgical residents in order to maximize surgical training techniques.  The TTI assessment outlined behaviors, motivators, and skills that were needed to develop a surgical resident in their career.


A Triad of Disposition Instruments Used in Secondary Science Education to Help Teachers Better Understand Self and Others

This is a study of over 350 science education pre-service teachers, gathered over a 19-year period.  Behaviors, motivators, and soft skills were all assessed. The behavioral data suggests that most of the students who have traditionally trained to teach within this program possess attributes that make them slow to change and even slower to lead a reform effort. Educational mediocrity may have accumulated in schools from failure to balance teachers who value maintaining traditions with teachers who procreate change.


Mapping the Behaviors, Motives and Professional Competencies of Entrepreneurially Minded Engineers in Theory and Practice: An Empirical Investigation

The Kern Entrepreneurship Education Network (KEEN) encompasses nineteen private engineering schools across the US.  KEEN partnered with Target Training International (TTI) to assess what behaviors, motivators, and skills generate an entrepreneurial line of thinking, and tracked these variables in students’ education.  


Creating, Educating and Assessing a New Class of Entrepreneurial Minded Engineers

The Kern Entrepreneurship Education Network (KEEN) partnered with TTI to develop the KEEN–TTI Performance DNA Assessment Project to test skills, behaviors and motivators in students.  The results of this assessment are used to advance entrepreneurial mindsets of engineering undergrads and to increase applications of engineering studies.


How do online course design features influence student performance?

The design of an online course can change the effectiveness of learning.  This report looks into four different instructional features that may impact students' ability to absorb the content.